Using IWRM best practices to develop Appropriate Capacity and Training for the benefit of Sub-Saharan Africa Water Security
Access to sufficient and safe water is one of the major challenges Africa faces which has resulted in the continent’s underdevelopment and increasing economic decline. The World Health Organisation (2007) estimated that 88% of the 4 billion annual global cases of diarrhoeal diseases are attributed to unsafe water, as well as inadequate sanitation and hygiene, while a significant number die from diarrhoeal diseases each year. The WHO further estimates that 94% of these diarrhoeal cases are preventable through modifications to the environment, including access to safe water.
International development policy makers are recognizing climate change and desertification as fundamental obstacles to the social economic development in the third world. Sub-Saharan Africa has been severely affected since the early 70’s by the compounding effects of drought, deforestation and desertification. Climate change predictions suggest decreased rainfall, runoff and recharge, especially in large river. The predicted climate change and increased climate variability with associated prolonged drought periods have major implications on the sustainability and availability of water (resources).
The key concept of striving for sustainability in water availability and use is central to this proposed project. By implication this means the protection of source areas (e.g. aquifer recharge, uplands and upper catchments) and the responsible resource use and demand management are critical components.
The selected pilot study areas in six countries (Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Senegal, South Africa, Zambia) reflect diverse levels of development pressures in rural, peri-urban and urban contexts and reflect all pertinent aspects of surface water and groundwater supply and various sector demands, appropriate and efficient use, water quality and water and wastewater treatment.